Dandruff can occur in all age groups. This article explains how to treat dandruff. Treating dandruff is important otherwise it may be the result of psoriasis of the scalp.
There is no cure for skin disorders that lead to dandruff, so it often recurs. But mild cases often improve with careful shampooing using professional salon anti-dandruff products. The FDA has approved five ingredients for these specially prepared shampoos: salicylic acid, coal-tar, pyrithione zinc, selenium sulfide, and sulfur. You may need to try several shampoos before finding the one that works best for you. Massaging the scalp vigorously as you shampoo helps loosen flakes so they can be rinsed away. Thorough rinsing is essential, since shampoo residue encourages more flaking. For best results, shampoo daily, leaving the lather on for a few minutes before rinsing. When the condition clears up, keep it in check by shampooing with medicated shampoo as needed to control the problem. If your dandruff doesn't clear up with over-the-counter shampoos, you should see a dermatologist, especially when dandruff is severe or areas other than the scalp are involved. Your dermatologist may recommend one of the following treatments: A stronger coal-tar or salicylic acid lotion to loosen thick scaling so that shampoos may work more effectively. These are usually applied and left on overnight under a shower cap. An anti-fungal shampoo containing ketoconazole, such as Nizoral, if an overabundance of yeast seems to be the root of the problem. Steroid creams applied to the affected areas to suppress flaking. Stronger coal-tar shampoo or other treatment if psoriasis of the scalp is the underlying problem.